Granted 10th January Incorporated into the Borough of Amber Valley in The two gold chevrons on blue are from the arms of the FitzRanulphs. The two black diamonds and flaming cressets or fire-baskets indicate the coal and iron mining industries so important in the development of the area.
PERSEUS For those unfamiliar with the basic visible mechanics of constellar movement, what follows is a brief outline, including Greek beliefs regarding the behaviour of the stars.
The constellations revolve round a central point in the northern sky known as the pole star, or heavenly axis Greek polos. Because of its far northern location, most of the stars are seen to rise in the east and set in the west.
Only those few closest to the pole--namely, Ursa Major and Minor the Bearsand Draco the Dragon --appear to travel at night in an eternal circle around the pole. Not all of the constellations are visible in the night sky throughout the year.
The first appearance of a constellation in the sky, occurs on the western horizon just prior to dawn its so-called heliacal rising.
As the months progress it is seen to rise earlier and earlier in the night, and gradually assumes a higher position in the heavens prior to dawn, until one evening, it has reached the western horizon, before dissappearing completely from view which is known as the constellation's astronomical setting.
The most important of the heliacal risings were those of the twelve constellations of the zodiac. They were said to rule the heavens for the period in which their position on the eastern horizon prior to dawn was replaced by the rising sun.
So, for example, Gemini first rises above the eastern horizon in late May, appearing in the sky just prior to dawn, where its position is immediately replaced by the rising sun.
As the constellation gradually rises earlier and earlier in the night, its place on the solar horizon at dawn is eventually replaced by the next constellation of the zodiac, namely Cancer, in mid June. The Greeks imagined the heavens as a great, solid dome, which, some say, was forged of bronze, and upon which the heavenly constellations were fixed.
The Titan Atlas, who stood either beneath the axis of heaven in the far north in the land of the Hyperboreansor at heaven's western rim in by the Atlas mountains in North Africa, was said to spin the dome around upon his shoulders, causing the stars to rise and set.
Part of the heavenly dome always lay beneath the horizon. Here the constellations were apparently believed to dwell deep beneath the earth in the misty pit of Tartaros, or else within the lands of the dead.
When they rose up into the heavens, the constellations were first bathed in the purifying waters of the great earth-encircling river Okeano.
Various myths describe the birth and death of the semi-immortal constellations: Orion was also described by Homer both striding across the heavens and hunting wild beasts in the underworld. The images on this page are from a Renaissance-era ceiling fresco circa decorating the Villa Farnese in Caprarola, Italy.
The Greek name of the constellation. The old Eastern name for the constellation, predating the Greek. As a result the Greeks had a number of alternate myths describing each of the star groups, as the foreign traditions were translated in different ways by the various regions and poetical traditions of ancient Greece.
The Star Catalogue external link. The formula was evidently adopted from eastern sources, in particular the star myths of the so-called "Phoenician Heracles," the hero-god of Lebanon, Melqart.
A number of his labours, although missing from the late Greek constellar arrangements, are perhaps recognisable in their older Eastern forms. The adventures of Heracles can be paired with the following constellations:Open-mouthed lion, teeth bared, striding left.
One of lifesize lions that lined the Processional Way from the Ishtar Gate to the Temple of Marduk at Babylon. From Babylon, Processional Street.
excavated by the Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft; purchased by the MFA from the Kaiser. Experiencing the exciting atmosphere.
The exciting atmosphere of the racecourse is definitely something you can't miss. In considering the classification of stars into groups, and the influences attaching to these divisions, it is necessary to include the lunar mansions, which are probably much older than either the constellations or the ordinary solar zodiac now in use.
Side Farm Camping Site is situated in Patterdale at the southern end of Ullswater and provides an excellent base for fell walking, watersports and mountain biking. A city known for many of the great wonders of the world, the striding lion of Babylon once adorned the citadel of the Nebuchadnazzar castle.
Found in the throne room, the decorated relief on clay bricks is extremely rare and is one of the Royal Ontario Museum's iconic, must see treasures. Information about Panthera leo atrox (Amercian lion) and other prehistoric creatures.